Census Records

1861 Census

You can print a blank form for recording 1861 Census data from the Research Forms page of the FamilySearch website.

Learn more about the 1861 Census on the FamilySearch Research Wiki.

Related Articles



Frontenac County Census

This resource consists of seven bound volumes. Microfilm is also available.

Pittsburgh Township 1851, '61, '71 Census; 1844, '46, '91 Assessment Rolls

It is a two-volume set.


1861 Census of Canada

Access to the Ancestry Library Edition website is restricted to KFPL branches. A subscription is required outside of the KFPL network.

Since Canada didn’t officially become a country until 1867, the first national census wasn’t held until 1871. The 1861 Census of Canada is a collection of five provincial censuses. Censuses were taken throughout different times of the year in the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Canada East (Lower Canada, or roughly southern Quebec), and Canada West (Upper Canada, or roughly southern Ontario). Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island only recorded the names of the heads of households, while New Brunswick, Canada East and Canada West recorded the names of everyone in the household.

Ontario Census, 1861

Population census of Ontario in 1861. Ontario was not yet part of the Dominion of Canada, but was called Canada West. Includes agricultural censuses at the end of each county or township. Arranged by census district (generally by county). Within each county, arrangement is usually alphabetical by name of township. Cities, towns and villages are often enumerated separately from the townships in which they are located.


1861 Census Microfilm

The microfilm reels are in the top right-hand drawer of the microfilm cabinet.

They cover the City of Kingston and all of Frontenac County.

The reel numbers are:

  • C-1021
  • C-1022
  • C-1023
  • C-1025
  • C-1046
  • C-1047
  • C-1095
  • C-1096
  • C-1097

However, the microfilm reels are not in alphabetical order by surname.

Please use the print or on-line version (above) to find the page and line number before using the microfilm reels.